Publications

In the works…

Yu, Y., Bonawitz, L.B., & Shafto, P. (in press). Pedagogical questions in mother-child conversations. Child Development.

Nasraoui, O. & Shafto, P. (preprint). Human-algorithm interaction biases in the big data cycle: A markov chain iterated learning framework. arXiv preprint arxiv:1608.07895 arXiv

Mansinghka, V., Tibbetts, R., Baxter, J., Shafto, P. & Eaves, B. (preprint). BayesDB: A probabilistic programming system for querying the probable implications of data. arXiv preprint arXiv:1512.05006. arXiv

2017

Baker, L., LoBue, V., Bonawitz, E.B. & Shafto, P. (2017). Towards automated classification of emotional facial expressions. Proceedings of the 39th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society.

Yang, S.C-H. & Shafto, P. (2017). Teaching versus active learning: A computational analysis of conditions that affect learning. Proceedings of the 39th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society.

Yang, S.C-H., Whritner, J.A., Nasraoui, O. & Shafto, P. (2017). Unifying recommendation and active learning for human-algorithm interactions. Proceedings of the 39th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society.

Yu, Y., Bonawitz, E.B. & Shafto, P. (2017). Inconvenient samples: Modeling the effects of non-consent by coupling observational and experimental results. Proceedings of the 39th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society.

Bass, I., Bonawitz, L.B., Shafto, P., Ramarajan, D., Gopnik, A. & Wellman, H. (2017). I know what you need to know: Children’s developing theory of mind and pedagogical evidence selection. Proceedings of the 39th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society.

Schweinhart, A.M., Shafto, P. & Essock, E.A. (accepted). Distribution of content in recently-viewed scenes whitens perception. Journal of Vision. PDF

Eaves, B.S. & Shafto, P. (in press). Parameterizing developmental changes in epistemic trust. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. PDF

McCrink, K., Shafto, P. & Barth, H. (in press). The relationship between non-symbolic multiplication and division in childhood. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

2016

Shafto, P. & Nasraoui, O. (2016). Human-recommender systems: From benchmark data to benchmark cognitive models. Proceedings of the 10th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems (RecSys 2016), 127-130. PDF

Eaves, B.S. & Shafto, P. (2016) Toward a general, scaleable framework for Bayesian teaching with applications to topic models. IJCAI 2016 workshop on Interactive Machine Learning: Connecting Humans and Machines. PDF, CODE

Schweinhart, A., Eaves, B.S. & Shafto, P. (2016) Automating the recoding, analysis, and interpretation pipeline using naturalistic visual scenes. IJCAI 2016 workshop on Closing the Cognitive Loop: Third Workshop on Knowledge, Data, and Systems for Cognitive Computing. PDF

Searcy, S. R. & Shafto, P. (2016). Cooperative Inference: Features, objects, and collections. Psychological Review, 123(5), 510-533. PDF

Eaves, B.S., Feldman, N., Griffiths, T. & Shafto, P. (2016). Infant-directed speech is consistent with teaching. Psychological Review, 123(6), 758-771. PDF

Mansinghka, V.K., Shafto, P., Jonas, E., Petschulat, C., Gasner, M. & Tenenbaum, J.B. (2016). CrossCat: A fully Bayesian nonparametric method for analyzing heterogeneous, high dimensional data. Journal of Machine Learning Research, 17, 1-49. arXiv

Eaves B.S., Schweinhart A., & Shafto P. (2016). Tractable Bayesian teaching. In M.N. Jones (Ed.), Big Data in Cognitive Science. New York, NY: Psychology Press. PDF

Yu, Y., Bonawitz, E. & Shafto, P. (2016). Questions in informal teaching: A study of mother-child conversations. Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Bonawitz, E. B. & Shafto, P. (2016). Computational models of development, Social influences. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 7, 95-100. PDF

Durkin, K. & Shafto, P. (2016). Epistemic trust and education: Effects of informant reliability on student learning of decimal concepts. Child Development, 87, 154–164. PDF

2015

Shafto, P. & Bonawitz, L.B. (2015). Choice from among intentionally selected options. In Ross, B. (Ed.) Psychology of Learning and Motivation Volume 63, San Diego: Elsevier. PDF

Rafferty, A., Brunskill, E., Griffiths, T.L. & Shafto, P. (2015). Faster teaching via POMDP planning. Cognitive Science. PDF

Rhodes, M., Bonawitz, E., Shafto, P., Chen, A. & Caglar, L. (2015). Controlling the message: preschoolers’ use of information to teach and deceive others. Frontiers in Psychology. 6:867. PDF

Durkin, K., Caglar, L.R., Bonawitz, E. & Shafto, P. (2015). Explaining Choice Behavior: The Intentional Selection Assumption. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Noles, N.S., Danovitch, J.H. & Shafto, P. (2015). Children’s Trust in Technological and Human Informants. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Landrum, A.R., Cloudy, J. & Shafto, P. (2015). More than true: Developmental changes in use of the inductive strength for selective trust. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Landrum, A.R. Eaves Jr, B.S. & Shafto, P. (2015). Learning to trust and trusting to learn: a theoretical framework. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19, 109-111. PDF

2014

Rhodes, M., Bonawitz, E., Shafto, P. & Chen, A. (2014). Controlling the message: Preschoolers’ use of evidence to teach and deceive others. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Gweon, H., Shafto, P. & Schulz, L.E. (2014). Children consider prior knowledge and the cost of information both in learning from and teaching others. Proceedings of the 36th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Eaves, B.S. & Shafto, P. (2014). Order effects in learning relational structures. Proceedings of the 36th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Searcy, S. R. & Shafto, P. (2014). Learning biases for teaching boolean concepts. Proceedings of the 36th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Shafto, P., Goodman, N. D. & Griffiths, T. L. (2014). A rational account of pedagogical reasoning: Teaching by, and learning from, examples. Cognitive Psychology, 71, 55-89. PDF

2012

Eaves, B. & Shafto, P. (2012). Unifying pedagogical reasoning and epistemic trust. In Xu., F. and Kushnir, T. (Eds.) Advances in Child Development and Behavior, 43, 295-319. PDF

Shafto, P., Goodman, N.D. & Frank, M.C. (2012). Learning from others: The consequences of psychological reasoning for human learning. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7, 341-351. PDF

Shafto, P., Eaves, B., Navarro, D.J. & Perfors, A. (2012). Epistemic trust: Modeling children’s reasoning about others’ knowledge and intent. Developmental Science, 15, 436-447. PDF

Kemp, C., Shafto, P. & Tenenbaum, J.B. (2012). An integrated account of generalization across objects and features. Cognitive Psychology, 64, 35-73. PDF

Shafto, P., Gweon, H., Fargen, C. & Schulz, L. (2012). Enough is enough: Inductive sufficiency guides learners’ ratings of informant helpfulness. Proceedings of the 34th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Gonzalez, A., Shafto, P., Bonawitz, E.B. & Gopnik, A. (2012). Is that your final answer? The effects of neutral queries on children’s choices. Proceedings of the 34th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

2011

Bonawitz, E.B., Shafto, P., Gweon, H., Goodman, N.D., Spelke, E. & Schulz, L. (2011). The double-edged sword of pedagogy: Instruction affects spontaneous exploration and discovery. Cognition, 120, 322-330. PDF

Shafto, P., Kemp, C., Mansinghka, V.K. & Tenenbaum, J.B. (2011). A probabilistic model of cross-categorization. Cognition, 120, 1-25. PDF

Buchbaum, D., Griffiths, T.L., Gopnik, A. & Shafto, P. (2011). Children’s imitation of causal action sequences is influenced by statistical and pedagogical evidence. Cognition, 120, 331-340. PDF

Warner, R., Stoess, T. & Shafto, P. (2011). Reasoning about teaching and misleading situations. Proceedings of the 33rd annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Montague, R., Navarro, D.J., Perfors, A., Warner, R. & Shafto, P. (2011). To catch a liar: The effects of truthful and deceptive testimony on inferential learning. Proceedings of the 33rd annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Smith, N.A. & Shafto, P. (2011). The role of cross-cutting systems of categories in category-based induction. Proceedings of the 33rd annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Rafferty, A., Brunskill, E., Shafto, P. & Griffiths, T.L. (2011). Faster teaching by POMDP planning. Proceedings of the 15th international conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED). PDF

Li, D. & Shafto, P. (2011). Bayesian hierarchical cross-clustering. Proceedings of the 14th international conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics (AISTATS). PDF

2010

Shafto, P., Goodman, N.D., Gerstle, B. & Ladusaw, F. (2010). Prior expectations in pedagogical situations. Proceedings of the 32nd annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Li, D., Rouchka, E. & Shafto, P. (2010). Phylogenomic analysis using Bayesian congruence measuring. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Bioinformatics and Computation (BICoB). PDF

2009

Bonawitz, E.B., Shafto, P., Gweon, H., Chang, I. Katz, S. & Schulz, L. (2009). The double-edged sword of pedagogy: Modeling the effect of pedagogical contexts on preschoolers’ exploratory play. Proceedings of the 31st annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Warner, R. Shafto, P., Baker, C.L. & Tenenbaum, J.B. (2009). Abstract knowledge guides prediction and search in novel situations. Proceedings of the 31st annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

2008

Shafto, P., Kemp, C., Bonawitz, E.B., Coley, J.D. & Tenenbaum, J.B. (2008). Inductive reasoning about causally transmitted properties. Cognition. 109, 175-192. PDF

Shafto, P. & Goodman, N. (2008). Teaching games: Statistical sampling assumptions for learning in pedagogical situations. Proceedings of the 30th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

2007

Mansinghka, V.K., Jonas, E., Petschulat, C., Cronin, B., Shafto, P. & Tenenbaum, J.B. (2007). Cross-Categorization: A method for discovering multiple overlapping clusterings, NIPS workshop PDF

Tenenbaum, J.B., Kemp, C. & Shafto, P. (2007). Theory-based Bayesian models of inductive reasoning. In Feeney, A. & Heit, E. (Eds.), Induction. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. PDF

Shafto, P., Vitkin, A. & Coley, J.D. (2007). Availability in category-based induction. In Feeney, A. & Heit, E. (Eds.), Induction. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. PDF

Feeney, A., Shafto, P. & Dunning, D. (2007). Who is susceptible to the conjunction fallacy in category-based induction? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 884-889. PDF

Shafto, P., Coley, J.D. & Baldwin, D. (2007). Effects of time pressure on context-sensitive property induction. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 890-894. PDF

2006

Kemp, C., Shafto, P., Berke, A. & Tenenbaum, J.B. (2006). Combining causal and similarity-based reasoning. Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems. Best Student Paper, Honorable Mention, NIPS 2006. PDF

Shafto, P., Kemp, C., Mansinghka, V.K., Gordon, M. & Tenenbaum, J.B. (2006). Learning cross-cutting systems of categories. Proceedings of the 28th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

2005

Shafto, P., Kemp, C., Baraff, E., Coley, J.D. & Tenenbaum, J.B. (2005). Context-sensitive induction. Proceedings of the 27th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Coley, J.D., Shafto, P., Stepanova, O. & Baraff, E. (2005). Knowledge and category-based induction. In Ahn, W., Goldstone, R.L., Love, B.C., Markman, A.B. & Wolff, P. (Eds.), Categorization inside and outside the laboratory: Essays in honor of Douglas L. Medin. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. PDF

2003

Shafto, P. & Coley, J.D. (2003). Development of categorization and reasoning in the natural world: Novices to experts, naive similarity to ecological knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 29, 641-649. PDF

2002

Coley, J.D., Solomon, G.E.A. & Shafto, P. (2002). The development of folkbiology: A cognitive science perspective on children’s understanding of the biological world. In Kahn, P. & Kellert, S. (Eds.), Children and nature: Psychological, sociocultural, and evolutionary investigations (65-91). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. PDF

2001

Ahn, W., Kalish, C., Gelman, S.A., Medin, D.L., Luhmann, C., Atran, S., Coley, J.D. & Shafto, P. (2001). Why essences are essential in the psychology of concepts. Cognition, 82, 59-69. PDF